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One of Four Illustrations (from Emily Brontë's Wuthering Heights) 3. (circa 1913-1923)

Edna Waugh Clarke Hall

watercolour, ink and pencil on paper

Manchester Art Gallery

One of Four Illustrations (from Emily Brontë's Wuthering Heights) 3. (circa 1913-1923)

Photo credit: Manchester Art Gallery



Drawing and Watercolour


Watercolour, Ink, Pencil


50 x 50 cm

Accession Number:



Presented by the Trustees of the Tate through the Contemporary Art Society, 1942



Ownership history:

Given by the Trustees of the Tate Gallery from a gift of drawings by Edna Clarke-Hall from Mrs F. D Samuel (Dorothy Salaman), Mrs E. W. Bishop (Louise Salaman) and Mr M. H. (Michel Hewitt) Salaman through the Contemporary Art Society to Manchester Art Gallery, 1942
Edna Clarke Hall (née Waugh) was a watercolour artist, etcher and lithographer. She studied at the Slade School of Fine Art under Henry Tonks (1862-1937) from 1894 where she was awarded a scholarship in 1897. The following year, when she was only 19, she married William Clarke Hall (1866-1932), a barrister friend of her father’s who had recommended her to the art school. However, there were tensions in the marriage and she resorted to illustrating Wuthering Heights by Emily Brontë, which she did for the rest of her artistic life. She had two sons, born 1905 and 1910 respectively, but she often suffered from depression despite having an critically-acclaimed exhibition at the Chenil Galleries in 1914 and she had a nervous breakdown in 1919. Encouraged by her former teacher Henry Tonks and her psychologist, her husband set up a studio for her in South Square, Gray's Inn, where she could work. Between 1924 and 1941 she exhibited regularly at The Redfern Gallery in London. After the death of her recently-knighted husband a trust was formed by their friends and Lady Clarke-Hall’s fellow Slade students, the siblings Mrs F. Samuel (Dorothy Salaman), Mrs. E. Bishop (Louise Salaman), and Michel Hewitt Salaman, to enable her to retain her studio and continue working. In 1941, after her studio was destroyed in the Blitz, 46 of Clarke-Hall’s drawings were donated by the Salamans to the Contemporary Art Society which were distributed to 12 museums throughout the UK.

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